A case control study to investigate risk factors associated with horse falls in steeplechase races at Cheltenham racetrack

Jane Williams, F. Marks, Fernando Mata, T. Parkin

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To date epidemiological reviews of fall risk in horse racing have applied a general approach to analysis integrating different grades, type of race and various racetracks. This study aimed to investigate if increasing specificity in analysis (one course and type of race) would expose the same risk factors for horse falls. The purpose of the study was to apply the principles of epidemiology to predict factors that increase the risk of a horse falling in steeplechase races at Cheltenham racecourse. Relevant factors related to horse falls were identified and collated from the Racing Post website for all steeplechase races run at Cheltenham between 1990 and 2010. Subsequent uni- and multivariable single-level and mixed effects logistic regression models were developed using ‘fall’ or ‘no fall’ as the dependent variables. The chance of a steeplechase race containing a minimum of one horse fall at Cheltenham racecourse is increased by 22% for each additional runner in the field and reduced by 86% for every horse that is pulled up during the race. Going and speed were not significantly associated with horse falls. Retrospective analysis of fall risk for a specific race type and course has exposed different risk factors than those previously found in generalised studies. Analysing specific racetracks has the potential to more effectively underpin the development and assessment of racecourse strategies to reduce fall risk to promote equine welfare.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)59-64
    Number of pages5
    JournalComparative Exercise Physiology
    Volume9
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    case-control studies
    Horses
    Case-Control Studies
    risk factors
    horses
    Epidemiology
    Accidental Falls
    Logistic Models
    Logistics
    Websites
    epidemiology

    Keywords

    • Racing
    • Falls
    • fall risk
    • steeplechasing
    • Thoroughbred

    Cite this

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    abstract = "To date epidemiological reviews of fall risk in horse racing have applied a general approach to analysis integrating different grades, type of race and various racetracks. This study aimed to investigate if increasing specificity in analysis (one course and type of race) would expose the same risk factors for horse falls. The purpose of the study was to apply the principles of epidemiology to predict factors that increase the risk of a horse falling in steeplechase races at Cheltenham racecourse. Relevant factors related to horse falls were identified and collated from the Racing Post website for all steeplechase races run at Cheltenham between 1990 and 2010. Subsequent uni- and multivariable single-level and mixed effects logistic regression models were developed using ‘fall’ or ‘no fall’ as the dependent variables. The chance of a steeplechase race containing a minimum of one horse fall at Cheltenham racecourse is increased by 22{\%} for each additional runner in the field and reduced by 86{\%} for every horse that is pulled up during the race. Going and speed were not significantly associated with horse falls. Retrospective analysis of fall risk for a specific race type and course has exposed different risk factors than those previously found in generalised studies. Analysing specific racetracks has the potential to more effectively underpin the development and assessment of racecourse strategies to reduce fall risk to promote equine welfare.",
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    A case control study to investigate risk factors associated with horse falls in steeplechase races at Cheltenham racetrack. / Williams, Jane; Marks, F.; Mata, Fernando; Parkin, T.

    In: Comparative Exercise Physiology, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2013, p. 59-64.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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