A graduated food addiction classifications approach significantly differentiates depression, anxiety and stress among people with type 2 diabetes

Karren Lee Raymond, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Geoff P. Lovell

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims To examine differences in depression, anxiety, and stress across people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2d) classified according to a four level processed food addiction (PFA) severity indicator dichotomy. Methods Four hundred and eight participants with a t2d diagnoses completed an online survey including the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and the DASS-21. Based on YFAS symptom counts participants were classified as either: non-PFA; mild-PFA; moderate-PFA; or severe-PFA. Results Multivariate, λ = 0.422, F(9, 978.51) = 46.286, p <0.001, np2 = 0.250, and univariate analyses of variance demonstrated that depression F(3, 408) = 159.891, p <0.001, np2 = 0.543, anxiety F(3, 408) = 127.419, p <0.001, np2 = 0.486, and stress scores F(3, 408) = 129.714, p <0.001, np2 = 0.491, significantly and meaningfully increased from one PFA classification level to the next. Furthermore, the proportion of participants with more severe classifications of depression χ2 (12) = 297.820, p <0.001, anxiety χ2 (12) = 271.805, p <0.001, and stress χ2 (12) = 240.875, p <0.001, were significantly higher in the more severe PFA groupings. Conclusion For people with t2d, PFA is an important and meaningful associate of depression, anxiety, and stress, and that the adopted four level PFA severity indicator dichotomy is valid and useful.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Anxiety
Depression
Food
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Processed food addiction
  • Processed food use disorder
  • Severity levels
  • Stress
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Cite this

@article{a360672b999c4caa9999cb9edc5d1816,
title = "A graduated food addiction classifications approach significantly differentiates depression, anxiety and stress among people with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "Aims To examine differences in depression, anxiety, and stress across people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2d) classified according to a four level processed food addiction (PFA) severity indicator dichotomy. Methods Four hundred and eight participants with a t2d diagnoses completed an online survey including the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and the DASS-21. Based on YFAS symptom counts participants were classified as either: non-PFA; mild-PFA; moderate-PFA; or severe-PFA. Results Multivariate, λ = 0.422, F(9, 978.51) = 46.286, p <0.001, np2 = 0.250, and univariate analyses of variance demonstrated that depression F(3, 408) = 159.891, p <0.001, np2 = 0.543, anxiety F(3, 408) = 127.419, p <0.001, np2 = 0.486, and stress scores F(3, 408) = 129.714, p <0.001, np2 = 0.491, significantly and meaningfully increased from one PFA classification level to the next. Furthermore, the proportion of participants with more severe classifications of depression χ2 (12) = 297.820, p <0.001, anxiety χ2 (12) = 271.805, p <0.001, and stress χ2 (12) = 240.875, p <0.001, were significantly higher in the more severe PFA groupings. Conclusion For people with t2d, PFA is an important and meaningful associate of depression, anxiety, and stress, and that the adopted four level PFA severity indicator dichotomy is valid and useful.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Depression, Processed food addiction, Processed food use disorder, Severity levels, Stress, Type 2 diabetes mellitus",
author = "Raymond, {Karren Lee} and Lee Kannis-Dymand and Lovell, {Geoff P.}",
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A graduated food addiction classifications approach significantly differentiates depression, anxiety and stress among people with type 2 diabetes. / Raymond, Karren Lee; Kannis-Dymand, Lee; Lovell, Geoff P.

In: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 132, 01.10.2017, p. 95-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A graduated food addiction classifications approach significantly differentiates depression, anxiety and stress among people with type 2 diabetes

AU - Raymond, Karren Lee

AU - Kannis-Dymand, Lee

AU - Lovell, Geoff P.

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Aims To examine differences in depression, anxiety, and stress across people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2d) classified according to a four level processed food addiction (PFA) severity indicator dichotomy. Methods Four hundred and eight participants with a t2d diagnoses completed an online survey including the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and the DASS-21. Based on YFAS symptom counts participants were classified as either: non-PFA; mild-PFA; moderate-PFA; or severe-PFA. Results Multivariate, λ = 0.422, F(9, 978.51) = 46.286, p <0.001, np2 = 0.250, and univariate analyses of variance demonstrated that depression F(3, 408) = 159.891, p <0.001, np2 = 0.543, anxiety F(3, 408) = 127.419, p <0.001, np2 = 0.486, and stress scores F(3, 408) = 129.714, p <0.001, np2 = 0.491, significantly and meaningfully increased from one PFA classification level to the next. Furthermore, the proportion of participants with more severe classifications of depression χ2 (12) = 297.820, p <0.001, anxiety χ2 (12) = 271.805, p <0.001, and stress χ2 (12) = 240.875, p <0.001, were significantly higher in the more severe PFA groupings. Conclusion For people with t2d, PFA is an important and meaningful associate of depression, anxiety, and stress, and that the adopted four level PFA severity indicator dichotomy is valid and useful.

AB - Aims To examine differences in depression, anxiety, and stress across people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2d) classified according to a four level processed food addiction (PFA) severity indicator dichotomy. Methods Four hundred and eight participants with a t2d diagnoses completed an online survey including the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and the DASS-21. Based on YFAS symptom counts participants were classified as either: non-PFA; mild-PFA; moderate-PFA; or severe-PFA. Results Multivariate, λ = 0.422, F(9, 978.51) = 46.286, p <0.001, np2 = 0.250, and univariate analyses of variance demonstrated that depression F(3, 408) = 159.891, p <0.001, np2 = 0.543, anxiety F(3, 408) = 127.419, p <0.001, np2 = 0.486, and stress scores F(3, 408) = 129.714, p <0.001, np2 = 0.491, significantly and meaningfully increased from one PFA classification level to the next. Furthermore, the proportion of participants with more severe classifications of depression χ2 (12) = 297.820, p <0.001, anxiety χ2 (12) = 271.805, p <0.001, and stress χ2 (12) = 240.875, p <0.001, were significantly higher in the more severe PFA groupings. Conclusion For people with t2d, PFA is an important and meaningful associate of depression, anxiety, and stress, and that the adopted four level PFA severity indicator dichotomy is valid and useful.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - Processed food addiction

KW - Processed food use disorder

KW - Severity levels

KW - Stress

KW - Type 2 diabetes mellitus

U2 - 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.07.028

DO - 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.07.028

M3 - Journal Article

VL - 132

SP - 95

EP - 101

JO - Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

JF - Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

SN - 0168-8227

ER -