A single hydrotherapy session increases range of motion and stride length in Labrador Retrievers diagnosed with elbow dysplasia

Tate Preston, Alison Wills

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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Abstract

Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n = 6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n = 6). Reflective kinematic markers were attached to bony anatomical landmarks and dogs were recorded walking at their preferred speed on a treadmill before and 10 min after a single hydrotherapy session. Range of motion, stride length and stride frequency were calculated for both forelimbs. Data were analysed via a robust mixed ANOVA to assess the effect of hydrotherapy on the kinematic parameters of both groups. Range of motion was greater in the healthy dogs at baseline (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy increased the range of motion of the forelimbs of both groups (P < 0.05); dogs with elbow dysplasia demonstrated a greater improvement in range of motion than healthy dogs (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy stride length (P < 0.01) of all dogs, but differences were not seen between the two groups. Stride frequency increased after hydrotherapy only in the left limb (P < 0.05) in all dogs. These results support the potential of canine hydrotherapy as a therapeutic tool for the rehabilitation and treatment of Labradors with elbow dysplasia. Furthermore, results indicate that hydrotherapy might improve the gait and movement of healthy dogs. However, whether these results are transient or sustained remains undetermined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume234
Issue numberApril
Early online date24 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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Hydrotherapy
Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador Retriever
elbows
Elbow
Articular Range of Motion
Dogs
dogs
Forelimb
Biomechanical Phenomena
Canidae
forelimbs
kinematics
range improvement
Therapeutics
therapeutics
Gait
rehabilitation (people)
Walking
exercise equipment

Cite this

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title = "A single hydrotherapy session increases range of motion and stride length in Labrador Retrievers diagnosed with elbow dysplasia",
abstract = "Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n = 6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n = 6). Reflective kinematic markers were attached to bony anatomical landmarks and dogs were recorded walking at their preferred speed on a treadmill before and 10 min after a single hydrotherapy session. Range of motion, stride length and stride frequency were calculated for both forelimbs. Data were analysed via a robust mixed ANOVA to assess the effect of hydrotherapy on the kinematic parameters of both groups. Range of motion was greater in the healthy dogs at baseline (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy increased the range of motion of the forelimbs of both groups (P < 0.05); dogs with elbow dysplasia demonstrated a greater improvement in range of motion than healthy dogs (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy stride length (P < 0.01) of all dogs, but differences were not seen between the two groups. Stride frequency increased after hydrotherapy only in the left limb (P < 0.05) in all dogs. These results support the potential of canine hydrotherapy as a therapeutic tool for the rehabilitation and treatment of Labradors with elbow dysplasia. Furthermore, results indicate that hydrotherapy might improve the gait and movement of healthy dogs. However, whether these results are transient or sustained remains undetermined.",
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A single hydrotherapy session increases range of motion and stride length in Labrador Retrievers diagnosed with elbow dysplasia. / Preston, Tate; Wills, Alison.

In: Veterinary Journal, Vol. 234, No. April, 01.04.2018, p. 105-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A single hydrotherapy session increases range of motion and stride length in Labrador Retrievers diagnosed with elbow dysplasia

AU - Preston, Tate

AU - Wills, Alison

PY - 2018/4/1

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N2 - Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n = 6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n = 6). Reflective kinematic markers were attached to bony anatomical landmarks and dogs were recorded walking at their preferred speed on a treadmill before and 10 min after a single hydrotherapy session. Range of motion, stride length and stride frequency were calculated for both forelimbs. Data were analysed via a robust mixed ANOVA to assess the effect of hydrotherapy on the kinematic parameters of both groups. Range of motion was greater in the healthy dogs at baseline (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy increased the range of motion of the forelimbs of both groups (P < 0.05); dogs with elbow dysplasia demonstrated a greater improvement in range of motion than healthy dogs (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy stride length (P < 0.01) of all dogs, but differences were not seen between the two groups. Stride frequency increased after hydrotherapy only in the left limb (P < 0.05) in all dogs. These results support the potential of canine hydrotherapy as a therapeutic tool for the rehabilitation and treatment of Labradors with elbow dysplasia. Furthermore, results indicate that hydrotherapy might improve the gait and movement of healthy dogs. However, whether these results are transient or sustained remains undetermined.

AB - Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n = 6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n = 6). Reflective kinematic markers were attached to bony anatomical landmarks and dogs were recorded walking at their preferred speed on a treadmill before and 10 min after a single hydrotherapy session. Range of motion, stride length and stride frequency were calculated for both forelimbs. Data were analysed via a robust mixed ANOVA to assess the effect of hydrotherapy on the kinematic parameters of both groups. Range of motion was greater in the healthy dogs at baseline (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy increased the range of motion of the forelimbs of both groups (P < 0.05); dogs with elbow dysplasia demonstrated a greater improvement in range of motion than healthy dogs (P < 0.05). Hydrotherapy stride length (P < 0.01) of all dogs, but differences were not seen between the two groups. Stride frequency increased after hydrotherapy only in the left limb (P < 0.05) in all dogs. These results support the potential of canine hydrotherapy as a therapeutic tool for the rehabilitation and treatment of Labradors with elbow dysplasia. Furthermore, results indicate that hydrotherapy might improve the gait and movement of healthy dogs. However, whether these results are transient or sustained remains undetermined.

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SN - 1090-0233

IS - April

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