Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality

C. C. T. Clark, Jason Moran, Ben Drury, Fontini Venetsanou, John Fernandes

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    28 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95% confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20
    JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
    Volume3
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2018

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    Mental Competency
    Sex Characteristics
    Motor Skills
    Body Mass Index
    Confidence Intervals

    Cite this

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    title = "Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality",
    abstract = "The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95{\%} confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95{\%} CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).",
    author = "Clark, {C. C. T.} and Jason Moran and Ben Drury and Fontini Venetsanou and John Fernandes",
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    Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality. / Clark, C. C. T.; Moran, Jason; Drury, Ben; Venetsanou, Fontini; Fernandes, John.

    In: Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, Vol. 3, No. 2, 22.03.2018, p. 20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality

    AU - Clark, C. C. T.

    AU - Moran, Jason

    AU - Drury, Ben

    AU - Venetsanou, Fontini

    AU - Fernandes, John

    PY - 2018/3/22

    Y1 - 2018/3/22

    N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95% confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).

    AB - The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95% confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).

    U2 - 10.3390/jfmk3020020

    DO - 10.3390/jfmk3020020

    M3 - Journal Article

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    SP - 20

    JO - Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology

    JF - Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology

    SN - 2411-5142

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    ER -