Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality

C. C. T. Clark, Jason Moran, Ben Drury, Fontini Venetsanou, John Fernandes

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95% confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2018

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Mental Competency
Sex Characteristics
Motor Skills
Body Mass Index
Confidence Intervals

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title = "Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95{\%} confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95{\%} CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).",
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Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality. / Clark, C. C. T.; Moran, Jason; Drury, Ben; Venetsanou, Fontini; Fernandes, John.

In: Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, Vol. 3, No. 2, 22.03.2018, p. 20.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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AU - Clark, C. C. T.

AU - Moran, Jason

AU - Drury, Ben

AU - Venetsanou, Fontini

AU - Fernandes, John

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AB - The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95% confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).

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JO - Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology

JF - Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology

SN - 2411-5142

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