Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people

Jordan Hernández-Martinez, Diego Cisterna, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Francisco Guede-Rojas, Mauricio Castro-Sepúlveda, Jason Moran

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Abstract

Background: Maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIHS) is influenced by age, sex, and handedness.Aim: To assess the association of MVIHS with age, sex, and handedness in older adults. Material and methods: MVIHS was measured using a digital dynamometer in 60 men and 60 women aged 73 ± 6 years. Weight, height and handedness were also recorded. For analysis purposes, participants were divided into two age groups (65 to 70.9 years of age and ≥ 71 years). Results: A negative correlation was observed between age and MVIHS in the non-dominant (r = -0.65 and -0.59 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.71 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). When age and MVIHS were correlated in the group aged 65-70 years, a significant correlation was observed in the non-dominant (r = -045 and -0.61 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.47 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). In the group aged ≥ 71 years, a stronger correlation with age was also observed in the non-dominant (r = -0.92 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.95 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively). MVIHS was 2.8 to 8.9% lower in the non-dominant than in the dominant hand in all age groups. MVIHS was lower in women than in men in both age groups. Conclusions: MVIHS declines with age (especially after 71 years of age), is higher in men than women, and higher in the dominant than the non-dominant hand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1437
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Issue number146
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 19 Dec 2018

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Functional Laterality
Hand
Age Groups
Weights and Measures

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Hernández-Martinez, J., Cisterna, D., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Álvarez, C., Guede-Rojas, F., Castro-Sepúlveda, M., & Moran, J. (Accepted/In press). Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people. Revista Medica de Chile, (146), 1429-1437. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018001201429
Hernández-Martinez, Jordan ; Cisterna, Diego ; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Álvarez, Cristian ; Guede-Rojas, Francisco ; Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio ; Moran, Jason. / Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people. In: Revista Medica de Chile. 2018 ; No. 146. pp. 1429-1437.
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abstract = "Background: Maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIHS) is influenced by age, sex, and handedness.Aim: To assess the association of MVIHS with age, sex, and handedness in older adults. Material and methods: MVIHS was measured using a digital dynamometer in 60 men and 60 women aged 73 ± 6 years. Weight, height and handedness were also recorded. For analysis purposes, participants were divided into two age groups (65 to 70.9 years of age and ≥ 71 years). Results: A negative correlation was observed between age and MVIHS in the non-dominant (r = -0.65 and -0.59 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.71 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). When age and MVIHS were correlated in the group aged 65-70 years, a significant correlation was observed in the non-dominant (r = -045 and -0.61 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.47 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). In the group aged ≥ 71 years, a stronger correlation with age was also observed in the non-dominant (r = -0.92 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.95 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively). MVIHS was 2.8 to 8.9{\%} lower in the non-dominant than in the dominant hand in all age groups. MVIHS was lower in women than in men in both age groups. Conclusions: MVIHS declines with age (especially after 71 years of age), is higher in men than women, and higher in the dominant than the non-dominant hand.",
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Hernández-Martinez, J, Cisterna, D, Ramírez-Campillo, R, Álvarez, C, Guede-Rojas, F, Castro-Sepúlveda, M & Moran, J 2018, 'Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people', Revista Medica de Chile, no. 146, pp. 1429-1437. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018001201429

Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people. / Hernández-Martinez, Jordan; Cisterna, Diego; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Álvarez, Cristian; Guede-Rojas, Francisco; Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio; Moran, Jason.

In: Revista Medica de Chile, No. 146, 19.12.2018, p. 1429-1437.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people

AU - Hernández-Martinez, Jordan

AU - Cisterna, Diego

AU - Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Álvarez, Cristian

AU - Guede-Rojas, Francisco

AU - Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio

AU - Moran, Jason

PY - 2018/12/19

Y1 - 2018/12/19

N2 - Background: Maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIHS) is influenced by age, sex, and handedness.Aim: To assess the association of MVIHS with age, sex, and handedness in older adults. Material and methods: MVIHS was measured using a digital dynamometer in 60 men and 60 women aged 73 ± 6 years. Weight, height and handedness were also recorded. For analysis purposes, participants were divided into two age groups (65 to 70.9 years of age and ≥ 71 years). Results: A negative correlation was observed between age and MVIHS in the non-dominant (r = -0.65 and -0.59 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.71 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). When age and MVIHS were correlated in the group aged 65-70 years, a significant correlation was observed in the non-dominant (r = -045 and -0.61 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.47 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). In the group aged ≥ 71 years, a stronger correlation with age was also observed in the non-dominant (r = -0.92 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.95 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively). MVIHS was 2.8 to 8.9% lower in the non-dominant than in the dominant hand in all age groups. MVIHS was lower in women than in men in both age groups. Conclusions: MVIHS declines with age (especially after 71 years of age), is higher in men than women, and higher in the dominant than the non-dominant hand.

AB - Background: Maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIHS) is influenced by age, sex, and handedness.Aim: To assess the association of MVIHS with age, sex, and handedness in older adults. Material and methods: MVIHS was measured using a digital dynamometer in 60 men and 60 women aged 73 ± 6 years. Weight, height and handedness were also recorded. For analysis purposes, participants were divided into two age groups (65 to 70.9 years of age and ≥ 71 years). Results: A negative correlation was observed between age and MVIHS in the non-dominant (r = -0.65 and -0.59 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.71 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). When age and MVIHS were correlated in the group aged 65-70 years, a significant correlation was observed in the non-dominant (r = -045 and -0.61 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.47 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). In the group aged ≥ 71 years, a stronger correlation with age was also observed in the non-dominant (r = -0.92 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.95 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively). MVIHS was 2.8 to 8.9% lower in the non-dominant than in the dominant hand in all age groups. MVIHS was lower in women than in men in both age groups. Conclusions: MVIHS declines with age (especially after 71 years of age), is higher in men than women, and higher in the dominant than the non-dominant hand.

U2 - 10.4067/s0034-98872018001201429

DO - 10.4067/s0034-98872018001201429

M3 - Journal Article

SP - 1429

EP - 1437

JO - Revista Medica de Chile

JF - Revista Medica de Chile

SN - 0034-9887

IS - 146

ER -

Hernández-Martinez J, Cisterna D, Ramírez-Campillo R, Álvarez C, Guede-Rojas F, Castro-Sepúlveda M et al. Association of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people. Revista Medica de Chile. 2018 Dec 19;(146):1429-1437. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018001201429