Correlates of sport-related concussion in male junior rugby union: A concurrent analysis of biopsychosocial factors

Amanda Clacy, Rachael Sharman, Geoff P. Lovell

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

Abstract

Objective: Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a multi-faceted issue that should be considered in context, with consideration for the biological, psychological, and sociocultural (i.e., biopsychosocial) factors which influence the incidence of injury in contact sports such as rugby union (rugby). Through the concurrent assessment of individual variables within a multi-measure cross-sectional research design, the current study aimed to contextualise the individual factors associated with SRC in male junior (ages 11–17 years) rugby. Method: Self- and parent-report measures were used to assess athletes' psychological and behavioural functioning. Sociocultural influences were considered in terms of duration of participation, involvement of immediate family, and participation in other sports. Biological measures included athlete age, BMI, aerobic fitness, and in-utero testosterone exposure (2D:4D). Results: Athlete age was positively correlated with concussion incidence, with adolescent (14–17-year-old) athletes 1.4 times more likely to report a history of SRC than pre-adolescent (11–13-year-old) athletes. Multi-sport participation and immediate family participation were found to positively predict SRC incidence. No psychological measures were identified as significant correlates to concussive injury, however, this may be due to the homogeneity of the sample scores. Conclusions: The concurrent assessment of biopsychosocial factors associated with SRC presents the opportunity for a comprehensive analysis of the injury context. The findings from this study suggest that SRC in junior rugby cannot be predicted using individual variables. Future research directions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAustralian Journal of Political Science
Early online date17 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sports
athlete
incidence
participation
adolescent
fitness
research planning
parents
contact
history

Keywords

  • biopsychosocial
  • concussion
  • individual differences
  • regression analysis
  • sports injuries
  • youth sports

Cite this

@article{70b73913beac4b1daeba9cfdacbbf5bc,
title = "Correlates of sport-related concussion in male junior rugby union: A concurrent analysis of biopsychosocial factors",
abstract = "Objective: Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a multi-faceted issue that should be considered in context, with consideration for the biological, psychological, and sociocultural (i.e., biopsychosocial) factors which influence the incidence of injury in contact sports such as rugby union (rugby). Through the concurrent assessment of individual variables within a multi-measure cross-sectional research design, the current study aimed to contextualise the individual factors associated with SRC in male junior (ages 11–17 years) rugby. Method: Self- and parent-report measures were used to assess athletes' psychological and behavioural functioning. Sociocultural influences were considered in terms of duration of participation, involvement of immediate family, and participation in other sports. Biological measures included athlete age, BMI, aerobic fitness, and in-utero testosterone exposure (2D:4D). Results: Athlete age was positively correlated with concussion incidence, with adolescent (14–17-year-old) athletes 1.4 times more likely to report a history of SRC than pre-adolescent (11–13-year-old) athletes. Multi-sport participation and immediate family participation were found to positively predict SRC incidence. No psychological measures were identified as significant correlates to concussive injury, however, this may be due to the homogeneity of the sample scores. Conclusions: The concurrent assessment of biopsychosocial factors associated with SRC presents the opportunity for a comprehensive analysis of the injury context. The findings from this study suggest that SRC in junior rugby cannot be predicted using individual variables. Future research directions are discussed.",
keywords = "biopsychosocial, concussion, individual differences, regression analysis, sports injuries, youth sports",
author = "Amanda Clacy and Rachael Sharman and Lovell, {Geoff P.}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1111/ajpy.12266",
language = "English",
journal = "Australian Journal of Political Science",
issn = "1036-1146",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlates of sport-related concussion in male junior rugby union: A concurrent analysis of biopsychosocial factors

AU - Clacy, Amanda

AU - Sharman, Rachael

AU - Lovell, Geoff P.

PY - 2019/10/17

Y1 - 2019/10/17

N2 - Objective: Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a multi-faceted issue that should be considered in context, with consideration for the biological, psychological, and sociocultural (i.e., biopsychosocial) factors which influence the incidence of injury in contact sports such as rugby union (rugby). Through the concurrent assessment of individual variables within a multi-measure cross-sectional research design, the current study aimed to contextualise the individual factors associated with SRC in male junior (ages 11–17 years) rugby. Method: Self- and parent-report measures were used to assess athletes' psychological and behavioural functioning. Sociocultural influences were considered in terms of duration of participation, involvement of immediate family, and participation in other sports. Biological measures included athlete age, BMI, aerobic fitness, and in-utero testosterone exposure (2D:4D). Results: Athlete age was positively correlated with concussion incidence, with adolescent (14–17-year-old) athletes 1.4 times more likely to report a history of SRC than pre-adolescent (11–13-year-old) athletes. Multi-sport participation and immediate family participation were found to positively predict SRC incidence. No psychological measures were identified as significant correlates to concussive injury, however, this may be due to the homogeneity of the sample scores. Conclusions: The concurrent assessment of biopsychosocial factors associated with SRC presents the opportunity for a comprehensive analysis of the injury context. The findings from this study suggest that SRC in junior rugby cannot be predicted using individual variables. Future research directions are discussed.

AB - Objective: Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a multi-faceted issue that should be considered in context, with consideration for the biological, psychological, and sociocultural (i.e., biopsychosocial) factors which influence the incidence of injury in contact sports such as rugby union (rugby). Through the concurrent assessment of individual variables within a multi-measure cross-sectional research design, the current study aimed to contextualise the individual factors associated with SRC in male junior (ages 11–17 years) rugby. Method: Self- and parent-report measures were used to assess athletes' psychological and behavioural functioning. Sociocultural influences were considered in terms of duration of participation, involvement of immediate family, and participation in other sports. Biological measures included athlete age, BMI, aerobic fitness, and in-utero testosterone exposure (2D:4D). Results: Athlete age was positively correlated with concussion incidence, with adolescent (14–17-year-old) athletes 1.4 times more likely to report a history of SRC than pre-adolescent (11–13-year-old) athletes. Multi-sport participation and immediate family participation were found to positively predict SRC incidence. No psychological measures were identified as significant correlates to concussive injury, however, this may be due to the homogeneity of the sample scores. Conclusions: The concurrent assessment of biopsychosocial factors associated with SRC presents the opportunity for a comprehensive analysis of the injury context. The findings from this study suggest that SRC in junior rugby cannot be predicted using individual variables. Future research directions are discussed.

KW - biopsychosocial

KW - concussion

KW - individual differences

KW - regression analysis

KW - sports injuries

KW - youth sports

U2 - 10.1111/ajpy.12266

DO - 10.1111/ajpy.12266

M3 - Journal Article

JO - Australian Journal of Political Science

JF - Australian Journal of Political Science

SN - 1036-1146

ER -