Defining Psychosocial Strength and Conditioning Coaching Competencies: A Qualitative Participatory Action Research Approach.

Bettina Callary, Brian T. Gearity, Kimberly Eagles, Christoph Szedlak

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Strength and conditioning (S&C) practitioners need to know and apply
varying and diverse psychosocial competencies in their practice. The
definitions of psychosocial coaching competencies are poorly understood
and multiple interpretations exist. The purpose of this study was to
define psychosocial S&C practice terms (i.e., pedagogical, philosophical,
psychological, sociocultural) from the perspectives of S&C researchers
and practitioners. Using a participatory action research approach,
qualitative data were collected from 13 researchers and 30 stakeholders
with the United Kingdom Strength and Conditioning Association
(UKSCA). A qualitative summative content analysis was used to analyze
the researchers’ and UKSCA stakeholders’ definitions of psychosocial
competencies. Pedagogical competencies were defined related to the
themes of instruction, learning, skill acquisition, feedback, and design
structure. Philosophical competencies were defined related to themes of
beliefs, values, and style. Psychological competencies were defined
related to communication, mindset, relationships, motivation, emotions,
learning, and behavior. Sociocultural competencies were defined related
to sport norms, understanding differences and different backgrounds,
adapting to culture, and coaching behavior and biases. Significant
differences existed between researchers’ and practitioners’ definitions of
these terms, particularly with pedagogical, philosophical, and
sociocultural competencies. Practitioners often associated psychological
coaching competencies with subject matter outside of biophysical
knowledge or many aspects spanning diverse social and behavioral
sciences.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Oct 2022

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