Development and validation of the metacognitive processes during Performances Questionnaire

Steven Love, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Geoff P. Lovell

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a sport-specific self-report measure of metacognitive processes: The Metacognitive Processes during Performance Questionnaire (MPPQ). Design: Three sub studies were used to: a) test the internal validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample; b) retest the internal validity of the MPPQ in a triathlete field sample; and c) test the external validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample. Method: Firstly, principal components analysis was used to identify an adequate factor structure; secondly, confirmatory factor analysis was used to retest the factor structure; and thirdly, correlations and regressions were used to test concurrent validity. Reliability analyses were also used in each phase to test internal consistency. Results: principal components analysis and reliability tests indicated that a three-factor solution pertaining to: cognitive coordination, cognitive evaluation, and thought control was adequately reliable. Secondly, confirmatory factor analysis on a field sample supported this factor structure and also demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Finally, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions indicated that convergent, discriminate and predictive validity were present, with existing generalised metacognitive measures (the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30, the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire – Short Form, the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports, and the Coping Flexibility Scale). Conclusion: Overall, the results have demonstrated that the MPPQ is a sound measure of metacognitive processes that athletes might experience during competitions and presented several considerations for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume41
Issue numberMarch
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Athletes
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Principal Component Analysis
Statistical Factor Analysis
Sports
Mindfulness
Equipment and Supplies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Self Report
Psychology
Metacognition

Keywords

  • Athletes
  • Metacognitive processes
  • Psychometric properties
  • Questionnaire validation
  • Sports

Cite this

@article{3434b4c12d4f4e16a90284726099e2cb,
title = "Development and validation of the metacognitive processes during Performances Questionnaire",
abstract = "Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a sport-specific self-report measure of metacognitive processes: The Metacognitive Processes during Performance Questionnaire (MPPQ). Design: Three sub studies were used to: a) test the internal validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample; b) retest the internal validity of the MPPQ in a triathlete field sample; and c) test the external validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample. Method: Firstly, principal components analysis was used to identify an adequate factor structure; secondly, confirmatory factor analysis was used to retest the factor structure; and thirdly, correlations and regressions were used to test concurrent validity. Reliability analyses were also used in each phase to test internal consistency. Results: principal components analysis and reliability tests indicated that a three-factor solution pertaining to: cognitive coordination, cognitive evaluation, and thought control was adequately reliable. Secondly, confirmatory factor analysis on a field sample supported this factor structure and also demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Finally, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions indicated that convergent, discriminate and predictive validity were present, with existing generalised metacognitive measures (the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30, the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire – Short Form, the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports, and the Coping Flexibility Scale). Conclusion: Overall, the results have demonstrated that the MPPQ is a sound measure of metacognitive processes that athletes might experience during competitions and presented several considerations for future research.",
keywords = "Athletes, Metacognitive processes, Psychometric properties, Questionnaire validation, Sports",
author = "Steven Love and Lee Kannis-Dymand and Lovell, {Geoff P.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.12.004",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "91--98",
journal = "Psychology of Sport and Exercise",
issn = "1469-0292",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "March",

}

Development and validation of the metacognitive processes during Performances Questionnaire. / Love, Steven; Kannis-Dymand, Lee; Lovell, Geoff P.

In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 41, No. March, 01.03.2019, p. 91-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and validation of the metacognitive processes during Performances Questionnaire

AU - Love, Steven

AU - Kannis-Dymand, Lee

AU - Lovell, Geoff P.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a sport-specific self-report measure of metacognitive processes: The Metacognitive Processes during Performance Questionnaire (MPPQ). Design: Three sub studies were used to: a) test the internal validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample; b) retest the internal validity of the MPPQ in a triathlete field sample; and c) test the external validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample. Method: Firstly, principal components analysis was used to identify an adequate factor structure; secondly, confirmatory factor analysis was used to retest the factor structure; and thirdly, correlations and regressions were used to test concurrent validity. Reliability analyses were also used in each phase to test internal consistency. Results: principal components analysis and reliability tests indicated that a three-factor solution pertaining to: cognitive coordination, cognitive evaluation, and thought control was adequately reliable. Secondly, confirmatory factor analysis on a field sample supported this factor structure and also demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Finally, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions indicated that convergent, discriminate and predictive validity were present, with existing generalised metacognitive measures (the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30, the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire – Short Form, the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports, and the Coping Flexibility Scale). Conclusion: Overall, the results have demonstrated that the MPPQ is a sound measure of metacognitive processes that athletes might experience during competitions and presented several considerations for future research.

AB - Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a sport-specific self-report measure of metacognitive processes: The Metacognitive Processes during Performance Questionnaire (MPPQ). Design: Three sub studies were used to: a) test the internal validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample; b) retest the internal validity of the MPPQ in a triathlete field sample; and c) test the external validity of the MPPQ in an online athlete sample. Method: Firstly, principal components analysis was used to identify an adequate factor structure; secondly, confirmatory factor analysis was used to retest the factor structure; and thirdly, correlations and regressions were used to test concurrent validity. Reliability analyses were also used in each phase to test internal consistency. Results: principal components analysis and reliability tests indicated that a three-factor solution pertaining to: cognitive coordination, cognitive evaluation, and thought control was adequately reliable. Secondly, confirmatory factor analysis on a field sample supported this factor structure and also demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Finally, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions indicated that convergent, discriminate and predictive validity were present, with existing generalised metacognitive measures (the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30, the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire – Short Form, the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports, and the Coping Flexibility Scale). Conclusion: Overall, the results have demonstrated that the MPPQ is a sound measure of metacognitive processes that athletes might experience during competitions and presented several considerations for future research.

KW - Athletes

KW - Metacognitive processes

KW - Psychometric properties

KW - Questionnaire validation

KW - Sports

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.12.004

DO - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.12.004

M3 - Journal Article

VL - 41

SP - 91

EP - 98

JO - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

JF - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

SN - 1469-0292

IS - March

ER -