Electromyography in the Horse: A Useful Technology?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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Abstract

Equine performance research to date has focussed on cardiorespiratory and biomechanical assessment of the horse neglecting the role of muscles. This review considers electromyography (EMG) in the horse, with a specific focus on the role of surface EMG (sEMG) as a tool to analyze muscle activity in the sports horse. Three themes have been evaluated in the horse using EMG: muscle recruitment, muscle activity during exercise, and fatigue. Results support kinematic research and add to the knowledge base on how the horse moves. Surface EMG is a relatively noninvasive technology requiring clipping which can be used effectively in the ridden horse. Understanding equine locomotion and how muscles respond during different exercises could inform and evaluate training practices used in the sports horse. However, issues exist for example individual variation, accuracy of sensor placement, and preventing noise within the EMG signal. Therefore, key concepts in research design, data acquisition, and processing are explored to inform future studies and to enable reasoned judgments on the validity and reliability of sEMG as a tool to investigate muscle recruitment and activity and subsequently assess performance in the horse. The high level of intersubject variance observed in between-subjects' designs combined with differences seen between individuals may preclude reliable comparison of muscle performance between groups of horses. Therefore, within-subject designs are advised for future sEMG studies. A standardized approach to data collection and analysis conforming to guidance from the human Surface EMG for Non-Invasive Assessment of Muscle database is recommended including consideration of the inherent challenges that present in EMG research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-58
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Equine Veterinary Science
Volume60
Issue numberJanuary
Early online date16 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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electromyography
Electromyography
Horses
Technology
horses
Muscles
muscles
Personnel Selection
sports
Sports
exercise
Research
Knowledge Bases
Locomotion
kinematics
Biomechanical Phenomena
Reproducibility of Results
sensors (equipment)
locomotion
Fatigue

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • Equine
  • Equine muscle
  • Indwelling EMG
  • Surface EMG

Cite this

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title = "Electromyography in the Horse: A Useful Technology?",
abstract = "Equine performance research to date has focussed on cardiorespiratory and biomechanical assessment of the horse neglecting the role of muscles. This review considers electromyography (EMG) in the horse, with a specific focus on the role of surface EMG (sEMG) as a tool to analyze muscle activity in the sports horse. Three themes have been evaluated in the horse using EMG: muscle recruitment, muscle activity during exercise, and fatigue. Results support kinematic research and add to the knowledge base on how the horse moves. Surface EMG is a relatively noninvasive technology requiring clipping which can be used effectively in the ridden horse. Understanding equine locomotion and how muscles respond during different exercises could inform and evaluate training practices used in the sports horse. However, issues exist for example individual variation, accuracy of sensor placement, and preventing noise within the EMG signal. Therefore, key concepts in research design, data acquisition, and processing are explored to inform future studies and to enable reasoned judgments on the validity and reliability of sEMG as a tool to investigate muscle recruitment and activity and subsequently assess performance in the horse. The high level of intersubject variance observed in between-subjects' designs combined with differences seen between individuals may preclude reliable comparison of muscle performance between groups of horses. Therefore, within-subject designs are advised for future sEMG studies. A standardized approach to data collection and analysis conforming to guidance from the human Surface EMG for Non-Invasive Assessment of Muscle database is recommended including consideration of the inherent challenges that present in EMG research.",
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Electromyography in the Horse: A Useful Technology? / Williams, Jane M.

In: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, Vol. 60, No. January, 01.01.2018, p. 43-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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