Equine Posture Analysis: Development of a simple tool to record equine thoracolumbar posture

Gillian Tabor, Jane Williams, Ami Elliott, Natasha Mann

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

    Abstract

    Musculoskeletal assessment of horses includes assessment of conformation, symmetry, and postural alignment of the equine spine; however, objective methods to analyse the spine have high costs and are logistically complex. This study aimed to assess the intrarater and interrater reliability of simple methods designed to objectively measure thoracolumbar (TL) posture from photographs. A sample of horses (n = 190) were photographed with a digital camera in two positions of stance, and also a static image was captured from video at the toe off phase of the right hind in walk. Measurements of TL angle, depth, and area of lordosis were tested for intrarater and interrater reliability. Repeated measures of TL angle showed no significant differences between measurements taken by one observer, but TL depth and surface area measures were not found to be consistently reliable. Interrater reliability was poor for all measurements across three observers. TL angle method of recording thoracolumbar posture in horses has the potential to be used to gain an objective measure of posture when standardized positioning is applied by a single experimenter or clinician.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)81-83
    Number of pages3
    JournalJournal of Equine Veterinary Science
    Volume73
    Early online date5 Dec 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

    Fingerprint

    posture
    Posture
    Horses
    horses
    Spine
    Lordosis
    Toes
    cameras
    photographs
    surface area
    methodology
    Costs and Cost Analysis
    sampling

    Keywords

    • Equine posture
    • Equine spine
    • Objective measure

    Cite this

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    title = "Equine Posture Analysis: Development of a simple tool to record equine thoracolumbar posture",
    abstract = "Musculoskeletal assessment of horses includes assessment of conformation, symmetry, and postural alignment of the equine spine; however, objective methods to analyse the spine have high costs and are logistically complex. This study aimed to assess the intrarater and interrater reliability of simple methods designed to objectively measure thoracolumbar (TL) posture from photographs. A sample of horses (n = 190) were photographed with a digital camera in two positions of stance, and also a static image was captured from video at the toe off phase of the right hind in walk. Measurements of TL angle, depth, and area of lordosis were tested for intrarater and interrater reliability. Repeated measures of TL angle showed no significant differences between measurements taken by one observer, but TL depth and surface area measures were not found to be consistently reliable. Interrater reliability was poor for all measurements across three observers. TL angle method of recording thoracolumbar posture in horses has the potential to be used to gain an objective measure of posture when standardized positioning is applied by a single experimenter or clinician.",
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    Equine Posture Analysis: Development of a simple tool to record equine thoracolumbar posture. / Tabor, Gillian; Williams, Jane; Elliott, Ami; Mann, Natasha.

    In: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, Vol. 73, 01.02.2019, p. 81-83.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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    AU - Tabor, Gillian

    AU - Williams, Jane

    AU - Elliott, Ami

    AU - Mann, Natasha

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    AB - Musculoskeletal assessment of horses includes assessment of conformation, symmetry, and postural alignment of the equine spine; however, objective methods to analyse the spine have high costs and are logistically complex. This study aimed to assess the intrarater and interrater reliability of simple methods designed to objectively measure thoracolumbar (TL) posture from photographs. A sample of horses (n = 190) were photographed with a digital camera in two positions of stance, and also a static image was captured from video at the toe off phase of the right hind in walk. Measurements of TL angle, depth, and area of lordosis were tested for intrarater and interrater reliability. Repeated measures of TL angle showed no significant differences between measurements taken by one observer, but TL depth and surface area measures were not found to be consistently reliable. Interrater reliability was poor for all measurements across three observers. TL angle method of recording thoracolumbar posture in horses has the potential to be used to gain an objective measure of posture when standardized positioning is applied by a single experimenter or clinician.

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