Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs

Linda Greening, Jonathan Hadley

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

The majority of working horses are stabled overnight but little is known about how different stable designs, which may affect aspects such as access to social contact, may affect sleep behaviour. Any differences could have implications on welfare and the horses’ ability to perform optimally. This study investigated whether barred or solid walled stables resulted in different nocturnal behavioural patterns including; position in the stable, recumbent and standing sleep, foraging and social behaviour. Twelve riding school horses (multiple breeds and sexes, age range of 10 years, all bedded on straw) were observed from 22:00 to 07:00 using an infrared CCTV system for two consecutive nights each. Six horses were housed in stables with barred walls (S1); six were housed in stables with solid walls (S2). Differences between total duration of behaviour for S1 and S2 were analysed using the Independent T-test (P≤0.05) in IBM SPSS21. There was a significant difference (t=2.436, P˂0.05) for drowsing behaviour in S2 (mean 137.5+68.6 minutes) compared with S1 horses (mean 288.7+135.6 minutes). No other significant differences were observed; however, non-statistical analysis revealed a higher duration of wall-orientated behaviour in barred stables and recumbency behaviour in solid wall stables. Horses appear to be more vigilant when they can see a neighbour and display reduced lateral recumbency, which appears to be compensated for by increased standing sleep. These patterns suggest that the walled stables facilitate better nocturnal behaviour patterns in terms of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep which is beneficial to equine welfare. Future studies might extend this research to use a cross-over design to further test influence of stable design but clearly more research is needed to establish optimal conditions for when the stable light is turned off.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference: Equine Stress, Learning and Training - , Denmark
Duration: 5 Aug 20148 Aug 2014

Conference

Conference10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference
Abbreviated titleISES 2014
CountryDenmark
Period5/8/148/8/14

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nocturnal activity
horses
sleep
duration
social behavior
straw
eyes
testing
foraging
breeds
gender

Cite this

Greening, L., & Hadley, J. (2014). Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs. Poster session presented at 10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference, Denmark.
Greening, Linda ; Hadley, Jonathan . / Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs. Poster session presented at 10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference, Denmark.
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abstract = "The majority of working horses are stabled overnight but little is known about how different stable designs, which may affect aspects such as access to social contact, may affect sleep behaviour. Any differences could have implications on welfare and the horses’ ability to perform optimally. This study investigated whether barred or solid walled stables resulted in different nocturnal behavioural patterns including; position in the stable, recumbent and standing sleep, foraging and social behaviour. Twelve riding school horses (multiple breeds and sexes, age range of 10 years, all bedded on straw) were observed from 22:00 to 07:00 using an infrared CCTV system for two consecutive nights each. Six horses were housed in stables with barred walls (S1); six were housed in stables with solid walls (S2). Differences between total duration of behaviour for S1 and S2 were analysed using the Independent T-test (P≤0.05) in IBM SPSS21. There was a significant difference (t=2.436, P˂0.05) for drowsing behaviour in S2 (mean 137.5+68.6 minutes) compared with S1 horses (mean 288.7+135.6 minutes). No other significant differences were observed; however, non-statistical analysis revealed a higher duration of wall-orientated behaviour in barred stables and recumbency behaviour in solid wall stables. Horses appear to be more vigilant when they can see a neighbour and display reduced lateral recumbency, which appears to be compensated for by increased standing sleep. These patterns suggest that the walled stables facilitate better nocturnal behaviour patterns in terms of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep which is beneficial to equine welfare. Future studies might extend this research to use a cross-over design to further test influence of stable design but clearly more research is needed to establish optimal conditions for when the stable light is turned off.",
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Greening, L & Hadley, J 2014, 'Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs' 10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference, Denmark, 5/8/14 - 8/8/14, .

Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs. / Greening, Linda; Hadley, Jonathan .

2014. Poster session presented at 10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference, Denmark.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs

AU - Greening, Linda

AU - Hadley, Jonathan

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The majority of working horses are stabled overnight but little is known about how different stable designs, which may affect aspects such as access to social contact, may affect sleep behaviour. Any differences could have implications on welfare and the horses’ ability to perform optimally. This study investigated whether barred or solid walled stables resulted in different nocturnal behavioural patterns including; position in the stable, recumbent and standing sleep, foraging and social behaviour. Twelve riding school horses (multiple breeds and sexes, age range of 10 years, all bedded on straw) were observed from 22:00 to 07:00 using an infrared CCTV system for two consecutive nights each. Six horses were housed in stables with barred walls (S1); six were housed in stables with solid walls (S2). Differences between total duration of behaviour for S1 and S2 were analysed using the Independent T-test (P≤0.05) in IBM SPSS21. There was a significant difference (t=2.436, P˂0.05) for drowsing behaviour in S2 (mean 137.5+68.6 minutes) compared with S1 horses (mean 288.7+135.6 minutes). No other significant differences were observed; however, non-statistical analysis revealed a higher duration of wall-orientated behaviour in barred stables and recumbency behaviour in solid wall stables. Horses appear to be more vigilant when they can see a neighbour and display reduced lateral recumbency, which appears to be compensated for by increased standing sleep. These patterns suggest that the walled stables facilitate better nocturnal behaviour patterns in terms of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep which is beneficial to equine welfare. Future studies might extend this research to use a cross-over design to further test influence of stable design but clearly more research is needed to establish optimal conditions for when the stable light is turned off.

AB - The majority of working horses are stabled overnight but little is known about how different stable designs, which may affect aspects such as access to social contact, may affect sleep behaviour. Any differences could have implications on welfare and the horses’ ability to perform optimally. This study investigated whether barred or solid walled stables resulted in different nocturnal behavioural patterns including; position in the stable, recumbent and standing sleep, foraging and social behaviour. Twelve riding school horses (multiple breeds and sexes, age range of 10 years, all bedded on straw) were observed from 22:00 to 07:00 using an infrared CCTV system for two consecutive nights each. Six horses were housed in stables with barred walls (S1); six were housed in stables with solid walls (S2). Differences between total duration of behaviour for S1 and S2 were analysed using the Independent T-test (P≤0.05) in IBM SPSS21. There was a significant difference (t=2.436, P˂0.05) for drowsing behaviour in S2 (mean 137.5+68.6 minutes) compared with S1 horses (mean 288.7+135.6 minutes). No other significant differences were observed; however, non-statistical analysis revealed a higher duration of wall-orientated behaviour in barred stables and recumbency behaviour in solid wall stables. Horses appear to be more vigilant when they can see a neighbour and display reduced lateral recumbency, which appears to be compensated for by increased standing sleep. These patterns suggest that the walled stables facilitate better nocturnal behaviour patterns in terms of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep which is beneficial to equine welfare. Future studies might extend this research to use a cross-over design to further test influence of stable design but clearly more research is needed to establish optimal conditions for when the stable light is turned off.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Greening L, Hadley J. Investigation into Nocturnal Behaviour of Equus Caballus in Different Stable Designs. 2014. Poster session presented at 10th International Society of Equitation Science Conference, Denmark.