Is wounding aggression in zoo-housed chimpanzees and ring-tailed lemurs related to zoo visitor numbers?

Geoff Hosey, Vicky Melfi, Isabel Formella, Samantha J. Ward, Marina Tokarski, Dave Brunger, Sara Brice, Sonya P. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chimpanzees in laboratory colonies experience more wounds on weekdays than on weekends, which has been attributed to the increased number of people present during the week; thus, the presence of more people was interpreted as stressful. If this were also true for primates in zoos, where high human presence is a regular feature, this would clearly be of concern. Here we examine wounding rates in two primate species (chimpanzees Pan troglodytes and ring-tailed lemurs Lemur catta) at three different zoos, to determine whether they correlate with mean number of visitors to the zoo. Wounding data were obtained from a zoo electronic record keeping system (ZIMSTM). The pattern of wounds did not correlate with mean gate numbers for those days for either species in any group. We conclude that there is no evidence that high visitor numbers result in increased woundings in these two species when housed in zoos. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-209
Number of pages5
JournalZoo Biology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

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zoos
Pan troglodytes
aggression
animal injuries
Primates
Lemur catta

Keywords

  • aggression
  • animal welfare
  • captivity
  • visitor effect

Cite this

Hosey, G., Melfi, V., Formella, I., Ward, S. J., Tokarski, M., Brunger, D., ... Hill, S. P. (2016). Is wounding aggression in zoo-housed chimpanzees and ring-tailed lemurs related to zoo visitor numbers? Zoo Biology, 35(3), 205-209. https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21277
Hosey, Geoff ; Melfi, Vicky ; Formella, Isabel ; Ward, Samantha J. ; Tokarski, Marina ; Brunger, Dave ; Brice, Sara ; Hill, Sonya P. / Is wounding aggression in zoo-housed chimpanzees and ring-tailed lemurs related to zoo visitor numbers?. In: Zoo Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 205-209.
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abstract = "Chimpanzees in laboratory colonies experience more wounds on weekdays than on weekends, which has been attributed to the increased number of people present during the week; thus, the presence of more people was interpreted as stressful. If this were also true for primates in zoos, where high human presence is a regular feature, this would clearly be of concern. Here we examine wounding rates in two primate species (chimpanzees Pan troglodytes and ring-tailed lemurs Lemur catta) at three different zoos, to determine whether they correlate with mean number of visitors to the zoo. Wounding data were obtained from a zoo electronic record keeping system (ZIMSTM). The pattern of wounds did not correlate with mean gate numbers for those days for either species in any group. We conclude that there is no evidence that high visitor numbers result in increased woundings in these two species when housed in zoos. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
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Hosey, G, Melfi, V, Formella, I, Ward, SJ, Tokarski, M, Brunger, D, Brice, S & Hill, SP 2016, 'Is wounding aggression in zoo-housed chimpanzees and ring-tailed lemurs related to zoo visitor numbers?', Zoo Biology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 205-209. https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21277

Is wounding aggression in zoo-housed chimpanzees and ring-tailed lemurs related to zoo visitor numbers? / Hosey, Geoff; Melfi, Vicky; Formella, Isabel; Ward, Samantha J.; Tokarski, Marina; Brunger, Dave; Brice, Sara; Hill, Sonya P.

In: Zoo Biology, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.05.2016, p. 205-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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AU - Hosey, Geoff

AU - Melfi, Vicky

AU - Formella, Isabel

AU - Ward, Samantha J.

AU - Tokarski, Marina

AU - Brunger, Dave

AU - Brice, Sara

AU - Hill, Sonya P.

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