Maturation-related differences in adaptations to resistance training in young male swimmers

Jason Moran, Gavin R.H. Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, John-James Wooller, Spiros Logothetis, Patrick P.J.M. Schoenmakers, Dave A. Parry

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of resistance training on muscular strength and jump performance in young male swimmers. It was hypothesized that adaptations would be of a lower magnitude in less mature (Pre-peak height velocity [PHV]) than in more mature (Post-PHV) subjects. Fourteen Pre- (-1.8 ± 1.0 years) and 8 Post-PHV (1.6 ± 0.5 years) swimmers undertook a 30 minute, twice-weekly resistance training program for 8 weeks. They were compared with matched control groups (Pre-PHV: -2.0 ± 1.1, n=15; Post-PHV: 1.2 ± 1.0, n=7). The effects on lower body isometric strength (LBS), measured with mid-thigh pull, and vertical jump (VJ) height in the Post-PHV group were large (effect size: 1.3 [0.4 to 2.2]) and small (0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) respectively. Effects on LBS and VJ height in the Pre-PHV group were moderate (0.8 [0.1 to 1.4]) and trivial (0.2 [-0.5 to 0.8]) respectively. Estimates in the Post-PHV control group (LBS: 0.7 [-0.2 to 1.6]; VJ: 0.2 [-0.7 to 1.0]) and the Pre-PHV control group (LBS: 0.1 [-0.5 to 0.7]; VJ: -0.3 [-0.9 to 0.3]) may indicate the extent to which maturation could contribute to the performance changes seen in the respective training groups. LBS and VJ are trainable, but to different magnitudes, in Pre- and Post-PHV swimmers. Following appropriate foundational training to establish technical competency, twice-weekly resistance training sessions of 30 minutes duration, comprising 3 sets of 4 exercises can be effective in Pre-PHV and Post-PHV youth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Resistance Training
Control Groups
Thigh
Research Design
Exercise
Education

Keywords

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Development/physiology
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength/physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal/physiology
  • Resistance Training/methods
  • Swimming/physiology

Cite this

Moran, J., Sandercock, G. R. H., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Wooller, J-J., Logothetis, S., Schoenmakers, P. P. J. M., & Parry, D. A. (2018). Maturation-related differences in adaptations to resistance training in young male swimmers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(1), 139-149. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001780
Moran, Jason ; Sandercock, Gavin R.H. ; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Wooller, John-James ; Logothetis, Spiros ; Schoenmakers, Patrick P.J.M. ; Parry, Dave A. / Maturation-related differences in adaptations to resistance training in young male swimmers. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018 ; Vol. 32, No. 1. pp. 139-149.
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abstract = "This study examined the effects of resistance training on muscular strength and jump performance in young male swimmers. It was hypothesized that adaptations would be of a lower magnitude in less mature (Pre-peak height velocity [PHV]) than in more mature (Post-PHV) subjects. Fourteen Pre- (-1.8 ± 1.0 years) and 8 Post-PHV (1.6 ± 0.5 years) swimmers undertook a 30 minute, twice-weekly resistance training program for 8 weeks. They were compared with matched control groups (Pre-PHV: -2.0 ± 1.1, n=15; Post-PHV: 1.2 ± 1.0, n=7). The effects on lower body isometric strength (LBS), measured with mid-thigh pull, and vertical jump (VJ) height in the Post-PHV group were large (effect size: 1.3 [0.4 to 2.2]) and small (0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) respectively. Effects on LBS and VJ height in the Pre-PHV group were moderate (0.8 [0.1 to 1.4]) and trivial (0.2 [-0.5 to 0.8]) respectively. Estimates in the Post-PHV control group (LBS: 0.7 [-0.2 to 1.6]; VJ: 0.2 [-0.7 to 1.0]) and the Pre-PHV control group (LBS: 0.1 [-0.5 to 0.7]; VJ: -0.3 [-0.9 to 0.3]) may indicate the extent to which maturation could contribute to the performance changes seen in the respective training groups. LBS and VJ are trainable, but to different magnitudes, in Pre- and Post-PHV swimmers. Following appropriate foundational training to establish technical competency, twice-weekly resistance training sessions of 30 minutes duration, comprising 3 sets of 4 exercises can be effective in Pre-PHV and Post-PHV youth.",
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Moran, J, Sandercock, GRH, Ramírez-Campillo, R, Wooller, J-J, Logothetis, S, Schoenmakers, PPJM & Parry, DA 2018, 'Maturation-related differences in adaptations to resistance training in young male swimmers', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 139-149. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001780

Maturation-related differences in adaptations to resistance training in young male swimmers. / Moran, Jason; Sandercock, Gavin R.H.; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Wooller, John-James; Logothetis, Spiros; Schoenmakers, Patrick P.J.M.; Parry, Dave A.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 139-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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AU - Moran, Jason

AU - Sandercock, Gavin R.H.

AU - Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Wooller, John-James

AU - Logothetis, Spiros

AU - Schoenmakers, Patrick P.J.M.

AU - Parry, Dave A.

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N2 - This study examined the effects of resistance training on muscular strength and jump performance in young male swimmers. It was hypothesized that adaptations would be of a lower magnitude in less mature (Pre-peak height velocity [PHV]) than in more mature (Post-PHV) subjects. Fourteen Pre- (-1.8 ± 1.0 years) and 8 Post-PHV (1.6 ± 0.5 years) swimmers undertook a 30 minute, twice-weekly resistance training program for 8 weeks. They were compared with matched control groups (Pre-PHV: -2.0 ± 1.1, n=15; Post-PHV: 1.2 ± 1.0, n=7). The effects on lower body isometric strength (LBS), measured with mid-thigh pull, and vertical jump (VJ) height in the Post-PHV group were large (effect size: 1.3 [0.4 to 2.2]) and small (0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) respectively. Effects on LBS and VJ height in the Pre-PHV group were moderate (0.8 [0.1 to 1.4]) and trivial (0.2 [-0.5 to 0.8]) respectively. Estimates in the Post-PHV control group (LBS: 0.7 [-0.2 to 1.6]; VJ: 0.2 [-0.7 to 1.0]) and the Pre-PHV control group (LBS: 0.1 [-0.5 to 0.7]; VJ: -0.3 [-0.9 to 0.3]) may indicate the extent to which maturation could contribute to the performance changes seen in the respective training groups. LBS and VJ are trainable, but to different magnitudes, in Pre- and Post-PHV swimmers. Following appropriate foundational training to establish technical competency, twice-weekly resistance training sessions of 30 minutes duration, comprising 3 sets of 4 exercises can be effective in Pre-PHV and Post-PHV youth.

AB - This study examined the effects of resistance training on muscular strength and jump performance in young male swimmers. It was hypothesized that adaptations would be of a lower magnitude in less mature (Pre-peak height velocity [PHV]) than in more mature (Post-PHV) subjects. Fourteen Pre- (-1.8 ± 1.0 years) and 8 Post-PHV (1.6 ± 0.5 years) swimmers undertook a 30 minute, twice-weekly resistance training program for 8 weeks. They were compared with matched control groups (Pre-PHV: -2.0 ± 1.1, n=15; Post-PHV: 1.2 ± 1.0, n=7). The effects on lower body isometric strength (LBS), measured with mid-thigh pull, and vertical jump (VJ) height in the Post-PHV group were large (effect size: 1.3 [0.4 to 2.2]) and small (0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) respectively. Effects on LBS and VJ height in the Pre-PHV group were moderate (0.8 [0.1 to 1.4]) and trivial (0.2 [-0.5 to 0.8]) respectively. Estimates in the Post-PHV control group (LBS: 0.7 [-0.2 to 1.6]; VJ: 0.2 [-0.7 to 1.0]) and the Pre-PHV control group (LBS: 0.1 [-0.5 to 0.7]; VJ: -0.3 [-0.9 to 0.3]) may indicate the extent to which maturation could contribute to the performance changes seen in the respective training groups. LBS and VJ are trainable, but to different magnitudes, in Pre- and Post-PHV swimmers. Following appropriate foundational training to establish technical competency, twice-weekly resistance training sessions of 30 minutes duration, comprising 3 sets of 4 exercises can be effective in Pre-PHV and Post-PHV youth.

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KW - Adolescent

KW - Adolescent Development/physiology

KW - Child

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Muscle Strength/physiology

KW - Muscle, Skeletal/physiology

KW - Resistance Training/methods

KW - Swimming/physiology

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M3 - Journal Article

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JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

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Moran J, Sandercock GRH, Ramírez-Campillo R, Wooller J-J, Logothetis S, Schoenmakers PPJM et al. Maturation-related differences in adaptations to resistance training in young male swimmers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018 Jan;32(1):139-149. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001780