Maturation-Related Effect of Low-Dose Plyometric Training on Performance in Youth Hockey Players

Jason Moran, Gavin R.H. Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Oliver Todd, Jay Collison, Dave A. Parry

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate if a low-dose of plyometric training (PT) could improve sprint and jump performance in groups of different maturity status. METHODS: Male youth field hockey players were divided into Pre-PHV (from -1 to -1.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 9; Control = 12) and Mid-PHV (0 to +0.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 8; Control = 9) groups. Participants in the experimental groups completed 60 foot contacts, twice-weekly, for 6 weeks. RESULTS: PT exerted a positive effect (effect size: 0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) on 10 m sprint time in the experimental Mid-PHV group but this was less pronounced in the Pre-PHV group (0.1 [-0.6 to 0.9]). Sprint time over 30 m (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.1 [-0.7 to 0.9]) and CMJ (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.0 [-0.7 to 0.8]) was maintained across both experimental groups. Conversely, the control groups showed decreased performance in most tests at follow up. Between-group analysis showed positive effect sizes across all performance tests in the Mid-PHV group, contrasting with all negative effect sizes in the Pre-PHV group. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that more mature hockey players may benefit to a greater extent than less mature hockey players from a low-dose PT stimulus. Sixty foot contacts, twice per week, seems effective in improving short sprint performance in Mid-PHV hockey players.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-202
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Plyometric Exercise
Hockey
Control Groups

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Moran, J., Sandercock, G. R. H., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Todd, O., Collison, J., & Parry, D. A. (2017). Maturation-Related Effect of Low-Dose Plyometric Training on Performance in Youth Hockey Players. Pediatric Exercise Science, 29(2), 194-202. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2016-0151
Moran, Jason ; Sandercock, Gavin R.H. ; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Todd, Oliver ; Collison, Jay ; Parry, Dave A. / Maturation-Related Effect of Low-Dose Plyometric Training on Performance in Youth Hockey Players. In: Pediatric Exercise Science. 2017 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 194-202.
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abstract = "PURPOSE: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate if a low-dose of plyometric training (PT) could improve sprint and jump performance in groups of different maturity status. METHODS: Male youth field hockey players were divided into Pre-PHV (from -1 to -1.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 9; Control = 12) and Mid-PHV (0 to +0.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 8; Control = 9) groups. Participants in the experimental groups completed 60 foot contacts, twice-weekly, for 6 weeks. RESULTS: PT exerted a positive effect (effect size: 0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) on 10 m sprint time in the experimental Mid-PHV group but this was less pronounced in the Pre-PHV group (0.1 [-0.6 to 0.9]). Sprint time over 30 m (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.1 [-0.7 to 0.9]) and CMJ (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.0 [-0.7 to 0.8]) was maintained across both experimental groups. Conversely, the control groups showed decreased performance in most tests at follow up. Between-group analysis showed positive effect sizes across all performance tests in the Mid-PHV group, contrasting with all negative effect sizes in the Pre-PHV group. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that more mature hockey players may benefit to a greater extent than less mature hockey players from a low-dose PT stimulus. Sixty foot contacts, twice per week, seems effective in improving short sprint performance in Mid-PHV hockey players.",
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Moran, J, Sandercock, GRH, Ramírez-Campillo, R, Todd, O, Collison, J & Parry, DA 2017, 'Maturation-Related Effect of Low-Dose Plyometric Training on Performance in Youth Hockey Players', Pediatric Exercise Science, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 194-202. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2016-0151

Maturation-Related Effect of Low-Dose Plyometric Training on Performance in Youth Hockey Players. / Moran, Jason; Sandercock, Gavin R.H.; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Todd, Oliver; Collison, Jay; Parry, Dave A.

In: Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 29, No. 2, 05.2017, p. 194-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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T1 - Maturation-Related Effect of Low-Dose Plyometric Training on Performance in Youth Hockey Players

AU - Moran, Jason

AU - Sandercock, Gavin R.H.

AU - Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Todd, Oliver

AU - Collison, Jay

AU - Parry, Dave A.

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate if a low-dose of plyometric training (PT) could improve sprint and jump performance in groups of different maturity status. METHODS: Male youth field hockey players were divided into Pre-PHV (from -1 to -1.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 9; Control = 12) and Mid-PHV (0 to +0.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 8; Control = 9) groups. Participants in the experimental groups completed 60 foot contacts, twice-weekly, for 6 weeks. RESULTS: PT exerted a positive effect (effect size: 0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) on 10 m sprint time in the experimental Mid-PHV group but this was less pronounced in the Pre-PHV group (0.1 [-0.6 to 0.9]). Sprint time over 30 m (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.1 [-0.7 to 0.9]) and CMJ (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.0 [-0.7 to 0.8]) was maintained across both experimental groups. Conversely, the control groups showed decreased performance in most tests at follow up. Between-group analysis showed positive effect sizes across all performance tests in the Mid-PHV group, contrasting with all negative effect sizes in the Pre-PHV group. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that more mature hockey players may benefit to a greater extent than less mature hockey players from a low-dose PT stimulus. Sixty foot contacts, twice per week, seems effective in improving short sprint performance in Mid-PHV hockey players.

AB - PURPOSE: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate if a low-dose of plyometric training (PT) could improve sprint and jump performance in groups of different maturity status. METHODS: Male youth field hockey players were divided into Pre-PHV (from -1 to -1.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 9; Control = 12) and Mid-PHV (0 to +0.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 8; Control = 9) groups. Participants in the experimental groups completed 60 foot contacts, twice-weekly, for 6 weeks. RESULTS: PT exerted a positive effect (effect size: 0.4 [-0.4 to 1.2]) on 10 m sprint time in the experimental Mid-PHV group but this was less pronounced in the Pre-PHV group (0.1 [-0.6 to 0.9]). Sprint time over 30 m (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.1 [-0.7 to 0.9]) and CMJ (Mid-PHV: 0.1 [-0.8 to 0.9]; Pre-PHV: 0.0 [-0.7 to 0.8]) was maintained across both experimental groups. Conversely, the control groups showed decreased performance in most tests at follow up. Between-group analysis showed positive effect sizes across all performance tests in the Mid-PHV group, contrasting with all negative effect sizes in the Pre-PHV group. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that more mature hockey players may benefit to a greater extent than less mature hockey players from a low-dose PT stimulus. Sixty foot contacts, twice per week, seems effective in improving short sprint performance in Mid-PHV hockey players.

U2 - 10.1123/pes.2016-0151

DO - 10.1123/pes.2016-0151

M3 - Journal Article

VL - 29

SP - 194

EP - 202

JO - Pediatric Exercise Science

JF - Pediatric Exercise Science

SN - 0899-8493

IS - 2

ER -