Overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia in the 2007 London Marathon

S. B Draper, K. J Mori, S. Lloyd-Owen, T. Noakes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a case of overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia from the 2007 London Marathon. The patient was a 37-year-old experienced female marathon runner. She was brought to the emergency room more than 6 h after completing the marathon suffering from diarrhoea, vomiting and confusion, and was unable to recall any detail of the race. An arterial blood sample confirmed hyponatraemia ([Na(+)] 117 mmol.l(-1)) associated with hypokalaemia (serum potassium concentration 3.4 mmol.l(-1)) and respiratory alkalosis (pH 7.62, bicarbonate 16.1 mmol.l(-1) and Pco(2) 2.14 kPa). A diagnosis of uncomplicated exercise-associated hyponatraemia due to voluntary overdrinking was made and the patient was catherised and treated with a slow (1 h) intra-venous infusion of 500 ml of 1.8% sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The following morning her serum [Na(+)] had normalised at 135 mmol.l(-1) and she was discharged in the afternoon. She has recovered fully without sequelae.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Case Reports
Volume2009
Issue numberMar
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Hyponatremia
Respiratory Alkalosis
Hypokalemia
Bicarbonates
Serum
Sodium Chloride
Vomiting
Hospital Emergency Service
Diarrhea
Potassium
Exercise

Cite this

Draper, S. B ; Mori, K. J ; Lloyd-Owen, S. ; Noakes, T. / Overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia in the 2007 London Marathon. In: BMJ Case Reports. 2009 ; Vol. 2009, No. Mar.
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abstract = "We report a case of overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia from the 2007 London Marathon. The patient was a 37-year-old experienced female marathon runner. She was brought to the emergency room more than 6 h after completing the marathon suffering from diarrhoea, vomiting and confusion, and was unable to recall any detail of the race. An arterial blood sample confirmed hyponatraemia ([Na(+)] 117 mmol.l(-1)) associated with hypokalaemia (serum potassium concentration 3.4 mmol.l(-1)) and respiratory alkalosis (pH 7.62, bicarbonate 16.1 mmol.l(-1) and Pco(2) 2.14 kPa). A diagnosis of uncomplicated exercise-associated hyponatraemia due to voluntary overdrinking was made and the patient was catherised and treated with a slow (1 h) intra-venous infusion of 500 ml of 1.8{\%} sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The following morning her serum [Na(+)] had normalised at 135 mmol.l(-1) and she was discharged in the afternoon. She has recovered fully without sequelae.",
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Overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia in the 2007 London Marathon. / Draper, S. B; Mori, K. J; Lloyd-Owen, S.; Noakes, T.

In: BMJ Case Reports, Vol. 2009, No. Mar, 27.03.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

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AU - Noakes, T.

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N2 - We report a case of overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia from the 2007 London Marathon. The patient was a 37-year-old experienced female marathon runner. She was brought to the emergency room more than 6 h after completing the marathon suffering from diarrhoea, vomiting and confusion, and was unable to recall any detail of the race. An arterial blood sample confirmed hyponatraemia ([Na(+)] 117 mmol.l(-1)) associated with hypokalaemia (serum potassium concentration 3.4 mmol.l(-1)) and respiratory alkalosis (pH 7.62, bicarbonate 16.1 mmol.l(-1) and Pco(2) 2.14 kPa). A diagnosis of uncomplicated exercise-associated hyponatraemia due to voluntary overdrinking was made and the patient was catherised and treated with a slow (1 h) intra-venous infusion of 500 ml of 1.8% sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The following morning her serum [Na(+)] had normalised at 135 mmol.l(-1) and she was discharged in the afternoon. She has recovered fully without sequelae.

AB - We report a case of overdrinking-induced hyponatraemia from the 2007 London Marathon. The patient was a 37-year-old experienced female marathon runner. She was brought to the emergency room more than 6 h after completing the marathon suffering from diarrhoea, vomiting and confusion, and was unable to recall any detail of the race. An arterial blood sample confirmed hyponatraemia ([Na(+)] 117 mmol.l(-1)) associated with hypokalaemia (serum potassium concentration 3.4 mmol.l(-1)) and respiratory alkalosis (pH 7.62, bicarbonate 16.1 mmol.l(-1) and Pco(2) 2.14 kPa). A diagnosis of uncomplicated exercise-associated hyponatraemia due to voluntary overdrinking was made and the patient was catherised and treated with a slow (1 h) intra-venous infusion of 500 ml of 1.8% sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The following morning her serum [Na(+)] had normalised at 135 mmol.l(-1) and she was discharged in the afternoon. She has recovered fully without sequelae.

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