Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children

C. C. T. Clark, Claire M. Barnes, Nils J. Swindell, Mark D. Holton, Daniel D. Bingham, Paul J. Collings, Sally E. Barber, Huw D. Summers, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

2 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3–5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p < .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p < .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-565
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Volume50
Issue number5
Early online date6 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Gait
Mental Competency
Nonparametric Statistics
Ankle
Cluster Analysis
Hip
Exercise

Keywords

  • accelerometer
  • clustergram
  • motor competence
  • spectral purity

Cite this

Clark, C. C. T., Barnes, C. M., Swindell, N. J., Holton, M. D., Bingham, D. D., Collings, P. J., ... Stratton, G. (2018). Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children. Journal of Motor Behavior, 50(5), 557-565. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454
Clark, C. C. T. ; Barnes, Claire M. ; Swindell, Nils J. ; Holton, Mark D. ; Bingham, Daniel D. ; Collings, Paul J. ; Barber, Sally E. ; Summers, Huw D. ; Mackintosh, Kelly A. ; Stratton, Gareth. / Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children. In: Journal of Motor Behavior. 2018 ; Vol. 50, No. 5. pp. 557-565.
@article{f3d6b6b8043c49858bed4f1a02c56faa,
title = "Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children",
abstract = "There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3–5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p < .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p < .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence.",
keywords = "accelerometer, clustergram, motor competence, spectral purity",
author = "Clark, {C. C. T.} and Barnes, {Claire M.} and Swindell, {Nils J.} and Holton, {Mark D.} and Bingham, {Daniel D.} and Collings, {Paul J.} and Barber, {Sally E.} and Summers, {Huw D.} and Mackintosh, {Kelly A.} and Gareth Stratton",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "557--565",
journal = "Journal of Motor Behavior",
issn = "0022-2895",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "5",

}

Clark, CCT, Barnes, CM, Swindell, NJ, Holton, MD, Bingham, DD, Collings, PJ, Barber, SE, Summers, HD, Mackintosh, KA & Stratton, G 2018, 'Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children', Journal of Motor Behavior, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 557-565. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454

Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children. / Clark, C. C. T.; Barnes, Claire M.; Swindell, Nils J.; Holton, Mark D. ; Bingham, Daniel D.; Collings, Paul J.; Barber, Sally E.; Summers, Huw D.; Mackintosh, Kelly A.; Stratton, Gareth.

In: Journal of Motor Behavior, Vol. 50, No. 5, 10.2018, p. 557-565.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children

AU - Clark, C. C. T.

AU - Barnes, Claire M.

AU - Swindell, Nils J.

AU - Holton, Mark D.

AU - Bingham, Daniel D.

AU - Collings, Paul J.

AU - Barber, Sally E.

AU - Summers, Huw D.

AU - Mackintosh, Kelly A.

AU - Stratton, Gareth

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3–5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p < .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p < .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence.

AB - There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3–5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p < .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p < .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence.

KW - accelerometer

KW - clustergram

KW - motor competence

KW - spectral purity

U2 - 10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454

DO - 10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454

M3 - Journal Article

VL - 50

SP - 557

EP - 565

JO - Journal of Motor Behavior

JF - Journal of Motor Behavior

SN - 0022-2895

IS - 5

ER -

Clark CCT, Barnes CM, Swindell NJ, Holton MD, Bingham DD, Collings PJ et al. Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children. Journal of Motor Behavior. 2018 Oct;50(5):557-565. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454