The effects of cognitive and somatic anxiety and self-confidence on components of performance during competition

Gaynor Parfitt, John Pates

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

33 Citations (Scopus)


This study considered the inXuence of competitive anxiety and self-conWdence state responses upon components of performance. Basketball players (n = 12) were trained to self-report their cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-conWdence as a single response on several occasions immediately before going on court to play. Performance was video-recorded and aspects of performance that could be characterized as requiring either largely anaerobic power (height jumped) or working memory (successful passes and assists) were measured. Intra-individual performance scores were computed from these measures and the data from seven matches were subjected to regression analyses and then hierarchical regression analyses. The results indicated that, as anticipated, somatic anxiety positively predicted performance that involved anaerobic demands. Self-conWdence, and not cognitive anxiety, was the main predictor of performance scores with working memory demands. It would appear that diV erent competitive state responses exert diV erential eV ects upon aspects of actual per-formance. Identifying these diVerences will be valuable in recommending intervention strategies designed to facilitate performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1999
Externally publishedYes



  • Competitive state anxiety
  • Performance
  • Self-confidence

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