The effects of hypnosis on flow states and three-point shooting performance in basketball players

John Pates, Andy Cummings, Ian Maynard

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of hypnosis on flow states and three-point shooting performance in 5 collegiate basketball players. The investigation utilized an ideographic single-subject multiple baselines across subjects design combined with a procedure that monitors the internal experience of the participants (Wollman, 1986). The method of intervention utilized in this study involved relaxation, imagery, hypnotic induction, hypnotic regression, and trigger control procedures. The results indicated that all five participants increased both their mean basketball three-point shooting performance and their mean flow scores from baseline to intervention. There were no overlapping data points between the baseline and intervention for either performance or flow state. Additionally, each participant indicated that they had felt the intervention was useful in keeping them confident, relaxed, and calm. These results support the hypothesis that a hypnosis intervention can improve three-point shooting performance in basketball players and increase feelings and cognitions that are associated with flow.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-47
Number of pages14
JournalThe Sport Psychologist
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • clinica
  • flow
  • sport

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