The influence of maturation on the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise in male youth footballers

John Fernandes, Jason Moran, Hannah Clarke, Ben Drury

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

Abstract

This study sought to establish the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) in male youth football players. Sixty-four youth football players completed two x three repetitions of the NHE, separated by one week. Eccentric hamstring strength was during the NHE using the NordBord. Participants were categorised via maturity offset (based on peak height velocity [PHV]) and age. For all dependent variables and groups, the typical error (TE) was greater than the smallest worthwhile change. Reliability for left, right, bilateral and relative peak force for the U11s (TE=0.26 to 11.1N, coefficient of variation (CV) = 5.9 to 7.4%), U13s (TE=0.28 to 17.9N, CVs=5.6 to 7.8%) and U16s (TE=0.28 to 24.3, CVs=6.6 to 8.7%) was favourable and demonstrated no clear pattern between groups. According to PHV, those less mature provided smaller TEs (0.22 to 9.3N) and CVs (4.8 to 5.7%) compared to their more mature counterparts (TE=0.30 to 22.5N, CVs=7.2 to 8.5%). For all age and maturation groups, imbalances yielded poor reliability (TE=7.1 to 10.8N, CVs=33.1 to 38.3%). Eccentric left and right limb, bilateral and relative hamstring peak force can reliably be measured during the NHE across maturation stages. Applied practitioners should exercise caution when assessing muscular imbalances using the NHE.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTranslational Sports Medicine
Early online date28 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Nov 2019

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Exercise
Football
Extremities
Age Groups

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title = "The influence of maturation on the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise in male youth footballers",
abstract = "This study sought to establish the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) in male youth football players. Sixty-four youth football players completed two x three repetitions of the NHE, separated by one week. Eccentric hamstring strength was during the NHE using the NordBord. Participants were categorised via maturity offset (based on peak height velocity [PHV]) and age. For all dependent variables and groups, the typical error (TE) was greater than the smallest worthwhile change. Reliability for left, right, bilateral and relative peak force for the U11s (TE=0.26 to 11.1N, coefficient of variation (CV) = 5.9 to 7.4{\%}), U13s (TE=0.28 to 17.9N, CVs=5.6 to 7.8{\%}) and U16s (TE=0.28 to 24.3, CVs=6.6 to 8.7{\%}) was favourable and demonstrated no clear pattern between groups. According to PHV, those less mature provided smaller TEs (0.22 to 9.3N) and CVs (4.8 to 5.7{\%}) compared to their more mature counterparts (TE=0.30 to 22.5N, CVs=7.2 to 8.5{\%}). For all age and maturation groups, imbalances yielded poor reliability (TE=7.1 to 10.8N, CVs=33.1 to 38.3{\%}). Eccentric left and right limb, bilateral and relative hamstring peak force can reliably be measured during the NHE across maturation stages. Applied practitioners should exercise caution when assessing muscular imbalances using the NHE.",
author = "John Fernandes and Jason Moran and Hannah Clarke and Ben Drury",
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doi = "10.1002/tsm2.124",
language = "English",
journal = "Translational Sports Medicine",
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The influence of maturation on the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise in male youth footballers. / Fernandes, John; Moran, Jason; Clarke, Hannah; Drury, Ben.

In: Translational Sports Medicine, 28.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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N2 - This study sought to establish the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) in male youth football players. Sixty-four youth football players completed two x three repetitions of the NHE, separated by one week. Eccentric hamstring strength was during the NHE using the NordBord. Participants were categorised via maturity offset (based on peak height velocity [PHV]) and age. For all dependent variables and groups, the typical error (TE) was greater than the smallest worthwhile change. Reliability for left, right, bilateral and relative peak force for the U11s (TE=0.26 to 11.1N, coefficient of variation (CV) = 5.9 to 7.4%), U13s (TE=0.28 to 17.9N, CVs=5.6 to 7.8%) and U16s (TE=0.28 to 24.3, CVs=6.6 to 8.7%) was favourable and demonstrated no clear pattern between groups. According to PHV, those less mature provided smaller TEs (0.22 to 9.3N) and CVs (4.8 to 5.7%) compared to their more mature counterparts (TE=0.30 to 22.5N, CVs=7.2 to 8.5%). For all age and maturation groups, imbalances yielded poor reliability (TE=7.1 to 10.8N, CVs=33.1 to 38.3%). Eccentric left and right limb, bilateral and relative hamstring peak force can reliably be measured during the NHE across maturation stages. Applied practitioners should exercise caution when assessing muscular imbalances using the NHE.

AB - This study sought to establish the reliability of the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) in male youth football players. Sixty-four youth football players completed two x three repetitions of the NHE, separated by one week. Eccentric hamstring strength was during the NHE using the NordBord. Participants were categorised via maturity offset (based on peak height velocity [PHV]) and age. For all dependent variables and groups, the typical error (TE) was greater than the smallest worthwhile change. Reliability for left, right, bilateral and relative peak force for the U11s (TE=0.26 to 11.1N, coefficient of variation (CV) = 5.9 to 7.4%), U13s (TE=0.28 to 17.9N, CVs=5.6 to 7.8%) and U16s (TE=0.28 to 24.3, CVs=6.6 to 8.7%) was favourable and demonstrated no clear pattern between groups. According to PHV, those less mature provided smaller TEs (0.22 to 9.3N) and CVs (4.8 to 5.7%) compared to their more mature counterparts (TE=0.30 to 22.5N, CVs=7.2 to 8.5%). For all age and maturation groups, imbalances yielded poor reliability (TE=7.1 to 10.8N, CVs=33.1 to 38.3%). Eccentric left and right limb, bilateral and relative hamstring peak force can reliably be measured during the NHE across maturation stages. Applied practitioners should exercise caution when assessing muscular imbalances using the NHE.

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