Eventing is a multi-phased equestrian sport consisting of Dressage, CrossCountry , and Showjumping and has been present in the Olympic Games since 1912. The first serious indication of the need for a better scientific understanding of the demands of Eventing was at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games. These games saw several horses get into difficulty in the CrossCountry phase, an issue which was extensively broadcast worldwide. Sport specific research increased tremendously following the 1992 Barcelona Games and consequently changes were made to the format of the sport. To date there has been no systematic review of the thematic focus of this research. Therefore the aim of this research was to systematically review literature directly relating to Eventing post 1992. Systematic review methodology was utilised in this study. Data analysis consisted of meta-synthesis resulting in the identification of areas of thematic relevance including; hydration and thermoregulation, climatic concerns, physiology and performance, travel and risk factors (safety / injury), event management issues and changes to the structure of the sport. This review highlights the wealth of research produced with regards to the sport of Eventing since the 1992 Olympic Games and how this research has influenced the management of this sport.