Trichuris burdens in zoo-housed Colobus guereza

V. Melfi, F. Poyser

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trichuris spp. infect the majority of captive primate species along with an estimated 1049 million people worldwide, making it an important zoonosis [Stephenson, L. S., Holland, C. V., & Cooper, E. S. Parasitology, 121(Suppl.), S73-S95, 2000]. We investigated the efficacy of methods used to evaluate the prevalence of Trichuris spp. in 2 groups (n=12) of socially housed Abyssinian colobus (Colobus guereza kikuyensis) at Paignton Zoo Environmental Park and the factors that may affect density. We collected individual and group fecal samples over 6 mo and estimated burden (egg counts/g of feces) of Trichuris spp. via the McMaster technique. Shedding was significantly higher in the afternoon than in the morning (matched-pairs t-test: t([5])=-4.46, p <0.01) and in dominant adult male colobus (Spearman rank: r([5])=-0.94, p <0.01; age: r([5])=0.89, p <0.05). Parasitological studies of zoo-housed primates can be a useful tool to explore factors that may affect burdens of Trichuris spp. in them.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1449-1456
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Primatology
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Colobus
Trichuris
zoo
zoos
primate
parasitology
feces
Primates
egg
zoonoses
methodology
sampling
method
zoonosis
test

Keywords

  • Colobus monkey
  • Dominance
  • Hierarchy
  • Parasite
  • Trichuris spp.

Cite this

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title = "Trichuris burdens in zoo-housed Colobus guereza",
abstract = "Trichuris spp. infect the majority of captive primate species along with an estimated 1049 million people worldwide, making it an important zoonosis [Stephenson, L. S., Holland, C. V., & Cooper, E. S. Parasitology, 121(Suppl.), S73-S95, 2000]. We investigated the efficacy of methods used to evaluate the prevalence of Trichuris spp. in 2 groups (n=12) of socially housed Abyssinian colobus (Colobus guereza kikuyensis) at Paignton Zoo Environmental Park and the factors that may affect density. We collected individual and group fecal samples over 6 mo and estimated burden (egg counts/g of feces) of Trichuris spp. via the McMaster technique. Shedding was significantly higher in the afternoon than in the morning (matched-pairs t-test: t([5])=-4.46, p <0.01) and in dominant adult male colobus (Spearman rank: r([5])=-0.94, p <0.01; age: r([5])=0.89, p <0.05). Parasitological studies of zoo-housed primates can be a useful tool to explore factors that may affect burdens of Trichuris spp. in them.",
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Trichuris burdens in zoo-housed Colobus guereza. / Melfi, V.; Poyser, F.

In: International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 28, No. 6, 12.2007, p. 1449-1456.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

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T1 - Trichuris burdens in zoo-housed Colobus guereza

AU - Melfi, V.

AU - Poyser, F.

PY - 2007/12

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AB - Trichuris spp. infect the majority of captive primate species along with an estimated 1049 million people worldwide, making it an important zoonosis [Stephenson, L. S., Holland, C. V., & Cooper, E. S. Parasitology, 121(Suppl.), S73-S95, 2000]. We investigated the efficacy of methods used to evaluate the prevalence of Trichuris spp. in 2 groups (n=12) of socially housed Abyssinian colobus (Colobus guereza kikuyensis) at Paignton Zoo Environmental Park and the factors that may affect density. We collected individual and group fecal samples over 6 mo and estimated burden (egg counts/g of feces) of Trichuris spp. via the McMaster technique. Shedding was significantly higher in the afternoon than in the morning (matched-pairs t-test: t([5])=-4.46, p <0.01) and in dominant adult male colobus (Spearman rank: r([5])=-0.94, p <0.01; age: r([5])=0.89, p <0.05). Parasitological studies of zoo-housed primates can be a useful tool to explore factors that may affect burdens of Trichuris spp. in them.

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