Variation in Responses to Sprint Training in Male Youth Athletes: A Meta-analysis

J. Moran, G. Sandercock, M. C. Rumpf, D. A. Parry

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

7 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The trainability of youths and the existence of periods of accelerated adaptation to training have become key subjects of debate in exercise science. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to characterise youth athletes' adaptability to sprint training across PRE-, MID-, and POST-peak height velocity (PHV) groups. Effect sizes were calculated as a measure of straight-line sprinting performance with studies qualifying based on the following criteria: (a) healthy male athletes who were engaged in organised sports; (b) groups of participants with a mean age between 10 and 18 years; (c) sprint training intervention duration between 4 and 16 weeks. Standardised mean differences showed sprint training to be moderately effective (Effect size=1.01, 95% confidence interval: 0.43-1.59) with adaptive responses being of large and moderate magnitude in the POST- (ES=1.39; 0.32-2.46) and MID- (ES=1.15; 0.40-1.9) PHV groups respectively. A negative effect size was found in the PRE group (ES=-0.18; -1.35-0.99). Youth training practitioners should prescribe sprint training modalities based on biological maturation status. Twice weekly training sessions should comprise up to 16 sprints of around 20 m with a work-to-rest ratio of 1:25 or greater than 90 s.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Athletes
Meta-Analysis
Sports
Confidence Intervals
Exercise

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • children
  • speed
  • sport
  • trainability
  • velocity

Cite this

Moran, J. ; Sandercock, G. ; Rumpf, M. C. ; Parry, D. A. / Variation in Responses to Sprint Training in Male Youth Athletes: A Meta-analysis. In: International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 1-11.
@article{0bfb906d4e3a41d2b98e6157c6d73ea8,
title = "Variation in Responses to Sprint Training in Male Youth Athletes: A Meta-analysis",
abstract = "The trainability of youths and the existence of periods of accelerated adaptation to training have become key subjects of debate in exercise science. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to characterise youth athletes' adaptability to sprint training across PRE-, MID-, and POST-peak height velocity (PHV) groups. Effect sizes were calculated as a measure of straight-line sprinting performance with studies qualifying based on the following criteria: (a) healthy male athletes who were engaged in organised sports; (b) groups of participants with a mean age between 10 and 18 years; (c) sprint training intervention duration between 4 and 16 weeks. Standardised mean differences showed sprint training to be moderately effective (Effect size=1.01, 95{\%} confidence interval: 0.43-1.59) with adaptive responses being of large and moderate magnitude in the POST- (ES=1.39; 0.32-2.46) and MID- (ES=1.15; 0.40-1.9) PHV groups respectively. A negative effect size was found in the PRE group (ES=-0.18; -1.35-0.99). Youth training practitioners should prescribe sprint training modalities based on biological maturation status. Twice weekly training sessions should comprise up to 16 sprints of around 20 m with a work-to-rest ratio of 1:25 or greater than 90 s.",
keywords = "adolescent, children, speed, sport, trainability, velocity",
author = "J. Moran and G. Sandercock and Rumpf, {M. C.} and Parry, {D. A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1055/s-0042-111439",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "International Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0172-4622",
publisher = "Georg Thieme Verlag",
number = "1",

}

Variation in Responses to Sprint Training in Male Youth Athletes: A Meta-analysis. / Moran, J.; Sandercock, G.; Rumpf, M. C.; Parry, D. A.

In: International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Variation in Responses to Sprint Training in Male Youth Athletes: A Meta-analysis

AU - Moran, J.

AU - Sandercock, G.

AU - Rumpf, M. C.

AU - Parry, D. A.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - The trainability of youths and the existence of periods of accelerated adaptation to training have become key subjects of debate in exercise science. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to characterise youth athletes' adaptability to sprint training across PRE-, MID-, and POST-peak height velocity (PHV) groups. Effect sizes were calculated as a measure of straight-line sprinting performance with studies qualifying based on the following criteria: (a) healthy male athletes who were engaged in organised sports; (b) groups of participants with a mean age between 10 and 18 years; (c) sprint training intervention duration between 4 and 16 weeks. Standardised mean differences showed sprint training to be moderately effective (Effect size=1.01, 95% confidence interval: 0.43-1.59) with adaptive responses being of large and moderate magnitude in the POST- (ES=1.39; 0.32-2.46) and MID- (ES=1.15; 0.40-1.9) PHV groups respectively. A negative effect size was found in the PRE group (ES=-0.18; -1.35-0.99). Youth training practitioners should prescribe sprint training modalities based on biological maturation status. Twice weekly training sessions should comprise up to 16 sprints of around 20 m with a work-to-rest ratio of 1:25 or greater than 90 s.

AB - The trainability of youths and the existence of periods of accelerated adaptation to training have become key subjects of debate in exercise science. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to characterise youth athletes' adaptability to sprint training across PRE-, MID-, and POST-peak height velocity (PHV) groups. Effect sizes were calculated as a measure of straight-line sprinting performance with studies qualifying based on the following criteria: (a) healthy male athletes who were engaged in organised sports; (b) groups of participants with a mean age between 10 and 18 years; (c) sprint training intervention duration between 4 and 16 weeks. Standardised mean differences showed sprint training to be moderately effective (Effect size=1.01, 95% confidence interval: 0.43-1.59) with adaptive responses being of large and moderate magnitude in the POST- (ES=1.39; 0.32-2.46) and MID- (ES=1.15; 0.40-1.9) PHV groups respectively. A negative effect size was found in the PRE group (ES=-0.18; -1.35-0.99). Youth training practitioners should prescribe sprint training modalities based on biological maturation status. Twice weekly training sessions should comprise up to 16 sprints of around 20 m with a work-to-rest ratio of 1:25 or greater than 90 s.

KW - adolescent

KW - children

KW - speed

KW - sport

KW - trainability

KW - velocity

U2 - 10.1055/s-0042-111439

DO - 10.1055/s-0042-111439

M3 - Journal Article

VL - 38

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - International Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0172-4622

IS - 1

ER -